The Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS)


The Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) is a permanent global system for observations, modeling and analysis of marine and ocean variables to support operational ocean services worldwide. GOOS provides accurate descriptions of the present state of the oceans, including living resources; continuous forecasts of the future conditions of the sea for as far ahead as possible, and the basis for forecasts of climate change. GOOS is designed to: Monitor, understand and predict weather and climate; Describe and forecast the state of the ocean, including living resources; Improve management of marine and coastal ecosystems and resources; Mitigate damage from natural hazards and pollution; Protect life and property on coasts and at sea; Enable scientific research.

Access Data by GOOS Programs

  • Argo - Global array of profiling floats that measure mid and upper ocean temperature and salinity: Data Access
  • CPR  - Continuous Plankton Recorder Survey of the Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science (SAHFOS): Data Access
  • DBCP - Moored and Drifting Buoys coordinated by the Data Buoy Co-operation Panel: Data Access
  • GCRMN  - The Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network: Data Access
  • GLOSS - Global Sea-Level Observing System: Data Access
  • GO-SHIP - Global Ocean Ship-Based Hydrographic Investigations Program: Data Access
  • GTS - The WMO Global Telecommunications System
  • GTSPP  - The Global Temperature and Salinity Profile Programme: Data Access
  • SOOP  - The Ship-of-Opportunity Program: Data Access
  • Tropical Moored Buoy Networks:
    • Tropical Atmosphere Ocean Project/Triangle Trans-Ocean Buoy Network (TAO/TRITON) (Moorings measure surface meteorological parameters, upper ocean temperatures and, at some locations, ocean currents): Data Access
    • Prediction and Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic (PIRATA) arrays (Program designed to study ocean-atmosphere interactions in the tropical Atlantic that affect regional climate variability on seasonal, interannual and longer time scales): Data Access
  • VOSClim  - Voluntary Observing Ships Climate Fleet (high-quality subset of VOS data in both real-time and in delayed-mode, supplemented by an extensive array of metadata, to support global climate studies and research): Data Access 

Access Data and Information by Essential Climate Variable (ECV)

GOOS Performance Indicators

Ocean Observing Programs

  • BLUELink  - Ocean Forecasting Australia
  • Coriolis - Coriolis Operational Oceanography
  • DIVERSITAS - Integrating biodiversity science for human well-being
  • OSTIA - Operational Sea Surface Temperature and Sea Ice Analysis
  • GODAE OceanView  - Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment (GODAE) and now GODAE OceanView foster the development and improvement of operational ocean analysis and forecasting systems worldwide
  • MOON - Mediterranean Operational Oceanography Network
  • OTN - Ocean Tracking Network
  • OceanSITES - Worldwide system of long-term, deepwater reference stations measuring dozens of variables and monitoring the full depth of the ocean, from air-sea interactions down to 5,000 meters
  • TSUNAMI Information - UNESCO/IOC global tsunami website. A one-stop resource for all tsunami-related information

Ocean Observing Systems

In addition to the observations being made through the GOOS Programs, data are also being collected through a number of Ocean Observing Systems. Those that are currently active include:

  • Arctic ROOS - Arctic Regional Ocean Observing System
  • BOOS - Baltic Operational Oceanographic System
  • ChloroGIN Africa - International network to assess the state of marine, coastal and inland-water ecosystems; in-water observations in synergy with ocean-colour and related satellite observations
  • ESEOO - Establecimiento de un Sistema Español de Oceanografía Operacional
  • EuroGOOS  -  European Global Ocean Oberserving System: Product Access
  • ICES - International Council for the Exploration of the Seas
  • IMOS  - Integrated Marine Observing System (Australia ROOS)
  • NOOS - Northwest Shelf Operational Oceanographic System
  • PICES - North Pacific Marine Science Organization
  • PREViMer  - Operational Coastal Oceanographic Centre managed by Ifremer: Data Access
  • SEPRISE  - European Real-Time Data Service (no longer operational)
  • WAGOOS - Western Australian Regional Ocean Observing System

Regional Observing Systems

  • The GOOS Regional Alliances (GRA) promote implementation of GOOS, both regionally and globally, adapt existing observing systems and integrate them into a common systems, survey the users to determine their needs, and increase awareness, build support and develop capacity.
  • The Pacific Disaster Net ( is the - Virtual Centre of Excellence - for Disaster Risk Management in the Pacific Region. The Web Portal and Database System is designed to be the largest and most comprehensive information resource for Disaster Risk Management for the Pacific Island Countries.

Publications, Documents and References

Outreach and advocacy